The rout of the Jacobite army on the Haughs of Cromdale, early on the morning of the 1st of May, 1690, heralded the end of the first Jacobite war.
While the Union of the Crowns in 1603 laid the basis for peace between England and Scotland, continual strife led to civil wars. With the death of King Charles II in 1685, the Duke of York – a professed Catholic – took the throne as James II of England and VII of Scotland. This provoked Protestant uprisings by his illegitimate nephew, the Duke of Monmouth, in England, and by the Duke of Argyll in Scotland. Both were put down.
You can ready more about this on this leaflet produced by Cromdale & Advie Community Council.